Treatment for vascular disease in Gainesville, Florida
At The Heart & Vascular Center of North Florida Regional Medical Center, we offer many different treatment options for patients with vascular disease. Vascular disease refers to a narrowing or blockage within the vascular system—including the veins and arteries—which carries blood from the heart throughout the rest of the body.
To learn more about our vascular services, please call our Consult-A-Nurse® team at (352) 333-4300.
Multidisciplinary approach to vascular care
Vascular disease may be a partial or total blockage of blood flow in a vein or artery. This can lead to more serious conditions, such as high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke, aneurysm, carotid artery disease and peripheral artery disease.
Because of the complexity of vascular disease, we engage a multidisciplinary vascular care team. This team includes specialists in:
- Cardiovascular disease
- Vascular surgery
Interventional procedures peripheral arterial disease (PAD)
Our physicians perform diagnostic and interventional procedures for patients with PAD, also called peripheral vascular disease. Patients with PAD may experience blockages of blood vessels away from the heart, such as in the upper and lower extremities. Patients with blocked blood vessels in the legs can experience significant pain and risk developing non-healing wounds.
We perform diagnostic and peripheral interventional procedures to open up these blockages. If left untreated, patients with PAD are at an increased risk for heart attack and stroke.
Vascular treatment options
Our specialists combat vascular disease through heart and vascular surgery and minimally invasive endovascular procedures. Endovascular surgery is an option for many patients and offers a rapid recovery and positive patient outcomes.
We offer the following vascular treatments:
- Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair — This procedure protects the portion of the aorta that has ballooned, causing a risk for rupture. For some patients, endovascular grafting is an option that uses minimally invasive methods to manipulate catheters to the aorta where a stent is placed to reinforce the weakened area. We also offer open surgical repairs, if needed.
- Angiogram — During this procedure, the physician inserts a tiny, hollow tube (called a catheter) into an artery or vein in the arm, groin or wrist. The physician will inject a dye into the vessels to visualize blood flow and identify if any blockages are present.
- Arterial Venous Fistula or graft — a surgical connection made between the artery and vein for long-term hemodialysis treatment.
- Atherosclerosis endarterectomy — This open procedure removes plaque buildup from a blood vessel. The goal is to remove any buildup in the arteries that may affect blood flow.
- Balloon angioplasty and stenting — This procedure, often performed immediately following an angiogram, allows a doctor to insert a small, balloon-tipped catheter into the blocked area of an artery or vein. The doctor then inflates the balloon to press the plaque that is causing the blockage against the vessel walls. Once the plaque has been moved out of the way, blood is able to flow freely. After an artery or vein is reopened, it may need additional help to stay open. For some patients, a stent may be placed inside the blood vessel to permanently hold it open.
- Carotid endarterectomy — This type of endarterectomy removes plaque specifically from an artery that supplies blood to the brain. It is often recommended for patients who have already experienced a mild cerebrovascular accident (stroke).
- Carotid artery stenting — This is a minimally invasive procedure used to open a partially blocked carotid artery, which is responsible for supplying blood to the brain. This method uses catheters to place a metal mesh tube, called a stent, inside the artery to keep it from narrowing.
- Bypass surgery for vascular disease — A vascular bypass surgery reroutes blood flow around a blocked blood vessel to create a new pathway for blood flow using a graft. The goal of surgery is to bypass a blocked artery. This surgery improves blood supply and increases the oxygen supply to tissues that have been starved by poor circulation.
Our surgeons also specialize in hybrid procedures, which are performed when a minimally invasive endovascular approach is not possible for an entire procedure. In these cases, we use an open surgical approach for the beginning of the procedure and remove any arterial blockages. After, we use an endovascular approach to repair the vessels below the blockage and place a stent.
By combining traditional and endovascular approaches in these hybrid procedures, we can offer minimally invasive treatments to more patients.