The Sleep Disorders Center treats many different types of sleep disorders, usually falling into one of the following major categories:
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)
A disorder that causes you to stop breathing repeatedly during your sleep. These pauses in breathing may occur 30 times or more per hour. In many cases, this condition can be evaluated and treated with remarkable results.
The following are common OSA signs and symptoms:
- Excessive daytime sleepiness
- Loud or disruptive snoring
- Gasping or choking during sleep
- Grogginess and morning headaches
- Frequent urination at night
- Depression and irritability
If untreated, OSA may increase risk of the following:
- High blood pressure
- Irregular heartbeats
- Heart disease
- Heart attack
- Work-related or driving accidents
Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)
A movement disorder in which there is an urge or need to move the legs to stop unpleasant sensations. RLS often occurs in middle-aged and older adults. The disorder makes you uncomfortable unless you move your legs. It can result in a decreased quality of sleep. Lifestyle changes and medication may reduce the symptoms of RLS.
A sleep disorder that leads to excessive sleepiness and frequent daytime sleep attacks. Narcolepsy is a nervous system disorder and is believed to be caused by reduced amounts of protein called hypocretin. The most common symptoms include the following:
- Periods of extreme drowsiness
- Dream-like hallucinations
- Sleep paralysis – not being able to move when you first wake up
- Cataplexy – sudden loss of muscle tone while awake; results in inability to move
A persistent inability to initiate or maintain sleep. Insomnia is associated with daytime fatigue and sleepiness, and most of its causes can be diagnosed and treated effectively.
Problems such as nightmares, sleepwalking, sleep talking, abnormal movements, chest pain and bedwetting that occur only during sleep or are brought about by sleep.