Yellow Fever Vaccine
What Is Yellow Fever?
- High fever
- Chills and muscle aches
- Yellowing of the skin, known as jaundice
What Is the Yellow Fever Vaccine?
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
- All individuals aged 9 months to 59 years who are traveling to or living in a place where yellow fever is present such as certain parts of South America and Africa
- People who work in labs and may be exposed to yellow fever
What Are the Risks Associated With Yellow Fever Vaccine?
- Soreness, swelling, or redness at the injection site
- Muscle aches
- Nervous system reaction
- Severe allergic reaction
- Organ failure
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
- Infants aged six months or younger—In rare cases when your 6-8 month-old baby must travel to high-risk areas, talk to the doctor about the vaccine.
- People over the age of 60 are at higher risk for serious complications. If you are traveling to an area of yellow fever risk, consult an infectious disease specialist to find out if vaccination is a good choice for you.
- Are severely allergic to eggs, chicken, or gelatin
- Have a disease that weakens the immune system, such as HIV —If you are traveling to high-risk areas, talk to your doctor about the vaccine.
- Are receiving treatments that weaken the immune system, such as cancer treatment
- Have cancer
- Have problems with the thymus or have had their thymus removed
- Are pregnant—Talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of the vaccine if you are traveling to a high-risk area. If you are vaccinated, your doctor may use a blood test to confirm immunity.
- Are breastfeeding—If you are traveling to high-risk areas, talk to your doctor about the vaccine.
What Other Ways Can Yellow Fever Be Prevented Besides Vaccination?
- Use insect repellent.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
- Stay in screened areas.
What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?
Vaccine and Immunizations Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines
World Health Organization http://www.who.int
Jentes ES, Poumerol G, Gershman MD, et al. The revised global yellow fever risk map and recommendations for vaccination, 2010: consensus of the Informal WHO Working Group on Geographic Risk for Yellow Fever. Lancet Infect Dis. 2011;11(8):622-632.
Khromava AY, Eidex RB, Weld LH, et al. Yellow Fever Vaccine Safety Working Group. Yellow fever vaccine: an updated assessment of advanced age as a risk factor for serious adverse events. Vaccine . 2005 May 9;23(25):3256-63.
Staples JE, Gershman M, Fischer M. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Yellow fever vaccine: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Recomm Rep . 2010 Jul 30;59(RR-7):1-27.
Thomas RE, Lorenzetti DL, Spragins W, Jackson D, Williamson T. Active and passive surveillance of yellow fever vaccine 17D or 17DD-associated serious adverse events: systematic review. Vaccine. 2011;29(28):4544-4555.
Vaccines & immunizations. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/ . Accessed May 28, 2013.
Vaccine Education Center website. The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia website. Available at: http://www.chop.edu/consumer/jsp/division/generic.jsp?id=75740 . Accessed May 28, 2013.
Yellow fever vaccine. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated May 20, 2013. Accessed May 28, 2013.
Yellow fever vaccine: what you need to know. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-yf.pdf . Published March 30, 2011. Accessed May 28, 2013.
2/19/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Transmission of yellow fever vaccine virus through breast-feeding—Brazil, 2009. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) . 2010;59(05):130.
5/28/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : World Health Organization. Weekly Epidemiological Record. 2013 May 17; 88 (20): 201-16.Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) . Available at: http://www.who.int/wer/2013/wer8820/en/index.html. Accessed May 28, 2013.
- Reviewer: Lawrence Frisch, MD, MPH; Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2013 -
- Update Date: 05/28/2013 -